The list below can be a good starting point. Haworthia Zebra is the best succulent for beginner, Why dry propagation is the best propagation method for beginners, Key reminders to grow succulents in full sun. Winter Watering for Succulents Now that your succulents are inside, it’s time to start taking care of them! This method is suggested by Oklahoma State University and has been used to test many kinds of plants. Therefore stop watering them once the temperature drops and the days become shorter. For a succulent with no branch, you can try to scratch the stem. When a “summer growing” succulent starts its dormant period in the winter, it enters a survival mode and stops growing actively, therefore, doesn’t need a lot of water. Just right will make them happy and they’ll grow! The temperatures at which succulents go dormant vary depending on the species. Give it a little water if you notice the leaves get dry and wrinkled. You need to know when to expect their active growth season as well as dormant period to adjust appropriate succulent care techniques. Although most of them are partially dormant. The range of temperatures succulents can tolerate is quite impressive, but not all species can handle the same temperatures. Graptosedum ‘Alpen Glow’, Haworthia fasciata, Crassula perforata in a boxed arrangement by Lula’s Garden. Once the weather begins warming up you’ll want to begin watering slowly but increasingly. When you think about the desert heat, what comes to mind? Plants sense consistently rising/falling temperatures and act accordingly. Kind of like Goldilocks… not too hot, not too cold. You’ve likely realized by now that knowing what varieties of succulents you own in important in keeping them healthy year round. Place a dormant succulent in an area with at least three to four hours of bright light. This is part of their survival mechanism for enduring a harsh or arid season. While succulents may go dormant in the fall/winter to avoid the cold, they may also go dormant in the summer to protect themselves from hot, dry conditions. Some of the links on this page may be affiliate links, meaning we receive a commission if you make a purchase through these links. Sign up here! Let's, HOW TO PREPARE YOUR SUCCULENTS FOR WINTER. These winter succulents form attractive, dense mats of large rosettes (“hens”) surrounded by many smaller ones (“chicks”) in a wide array of colors. Winter is mostly a tough season for plants, especially succulents. | Quote | Post #2388598 (1) Name: Baja Baja California (Zone 11b) Be a superhero and wear a mask. It’s different for “winter growing” succulents—they go dormant in the heat of summer but still need water during this time to help their roots remain cool and prevent the leaves from drooping. Perfect for gifts as well! And get a free plant when your friends make an order. Kinda like a bear, right?! For the majority of succulents, dormancy happens in winter, but some like Aeoniums are dormant in summer. Most succulent species tend to thrive in the temperate weather of the spring and fall. Succulents go through different patterns of growth throughout the year. Is it unhealthy for these types of plants to not go dormant at all? They are likely focusing on developing deeper roots so they can better withstand heat and drought. As you might imagine, a succulent grown in Phoenix, AZ is going to need different care than a succulent growing in New York City, NY. Interestingly, both Echeverias and Sempervivums will thrive during spring and fall when temperatures are more temperate. If you run the heater in the winter, you may need to water a little more frequently. Ask your question below: Did you know each species of succulent has slightly different care needs? Winter dormant succulents can last without water for a long time (nearly whole 3 months depending on the climate) while summer dormant succulents should be watered every now and again as they can dry out too much during heatwaves. Winter Succulent Orostachys. So in terms of winter dormancy, there are three main classifications of succulents: winter growing, semi-dormant, and totally dormant. On the contrary, winter growers are those that grow actively in the cold of winter from November to February and slow down in the summer. Succulents for the most part go through a dormant or hibernation phase in the winter, where all they want is for you to leave them alone. If the succulent is alive, it will be green and feel moist underneath. However, with this universal love come some confusion about active growing seasons. Most succulents will continue their active growth so long as the prevailing conditions are favorable. Assuming the plant is frost tolerant, if “cold” is 50 degrees Fahrenheit they’ll keep growing more than if cold is 5 degrees Fahrenheit. Overwintering Succulents Indoors. Many succulents are dormant in the winter so they won’t need as much water. At least keep an eye on things so your newly indoor succulents don’t get too dry. You’ll find them growing the most during the fall, winter and spring. The extent to which a succulent will go dormant, and variation in care needs based on dormancy, has a lot to do with the climate where they are grown. In fact, many cacti won’t bloom unless they experience a period of cold weather (around 40 degrees) for at least 60 days. However, some are active during winter. Most won’t survive extremely hot temperatures and will burn. Let’s dive in to what that actually means for succulents. This enables succulents to be more responsive to the variables in their … In fact, the caring works for putting the succulent inside is more a task of maintenance. Traditionally, succulents might be divided into categories of “Winter Dormant” and “Summer Dormant”. Simply pick a small branch and bend it sharply. Bringing … This means that some succulents are active during winter. Succulents need little water when they're growing in the summer. We have over 60 varieties featured with more added each week! Let’s start with Sempervivum. Archived. Share this post with your succulent loving friends! Once temperatures get below 40°F though, you’ll see growth slowing down drastically. However, now all succulents are equal. Some of them are much more likely to grow well for you than others. Those that don’t go dormant are going to need more water than others. There are some succulents that will need very little if any water at all because they are dormant. This tends to be true with most succulent species. Cactus and, since you’re a succulent lover, giant Agave. Seasonal succulent care goes beyond a succulent dormancy table. Many are dormant during winter and need little water. Tip #4: Sunlight. Like most plants, succulents won’t grow at the same rate all year round. For that matter, winter dormant succulents may not go dormant if the weather remains mild or they are brought indoors. Highly effective in rock gardens. However, during the hottest days of summer (July/August in the US), they will go through a mini dormancy period and slow down their growth. I love this comment from a succulent forum on dormancy, “Your plant will tell you when it is growing. However, during the coldest parts of the winter (December/January in the US) they will go through a mini dormancy. They just like to experience more extremes to bring out the true beauty. They have adapted to our northern hemisphere cycle & are dormant from November through February. ... Succulents. However, if it never really goes into survival mode it will just keep growing and taking in water. The first method is to do Most varieties go dormant in winter and are frost-tender, meaning they can’t handle temps below 32 degrees F. Winter Conditions That Damage Succulents These common… Sempervivum blooms are mono carpic and highly attractive to butterflies. The most important factor in your succulent’s winter care regime is whether your species becomes dormant over the winter or not. Some of them can become dormant and grow more slowly when the weather is too hot or too cold, and turn active again when the temperatures are ideal for their growth. Remember that cold weather means succulent soil stays wet longer, and will not need to be watered as frequently. Keep in mind, however, that most succulents are opportunistic growers. (Any succulents near vents/heaters will dry out more quickly than others. Traditionally, succulents might be divided into categories of “Winter Dormant” and “Summer Dormant”. If you found this article interesting, share it with your succulent loving friends!And get a free plant when your friends make an order. This article focuses on tender varieties, which need to be wintered indoors in all but the warmest of climates. What can I help you learn about next? Succulents are generally opportunistic growers. Sempervivum variety stressed red from cold temperatures. When a succulent goes into dormancy, it will minimize metabolism activity to conserve energy until the environmental conditions get better. Once temperatures start getting over 90 degrees Fahrenheit you’ll notice these hens and chicks start to tighten up. During their growing phase, succulent plants like regular watering. The biggest discussion around succulent dormancy is when succulents are in need of more or less frequent watering. Common Winter Dormant Succulents Winter dormant succulents are like animals that go into hibernation. You’ll definitely want to keep these succulents protected from extreme heat as much as possible and limit the amount you water during the summer. It hinders the growing process of plants and freezes them out. Winter is the season of growth for some succulents, though, and they need water, food, and even pruning. Some go to sleep in the winter, like Pincushion cacti, agave plants, and your cold-hardy sedums. However, some are actively growing and will need more attention. We know how unfriendly winter can be, and your cactus needs to be taken care of with caution. Indoor care for succulent plants in winter is primarily about lighting. Oh by the way, are offering a FREE printable 2021 calendar  as a little gift for your continued support to Succulents Box :) It comes in cute monthly succulent and cactus themes. Slow down a bit and let things get back to a more normal state before watering again. Plants in this category come from numerous genera, and have a wider variety of forms, textures, and colors, but they can be divided into just two principal growth patterns: Winter Dormant (“summer growers”) and Summer Dormant (“winter growers”) (see lists at the end of this page). The temperatures at which succulents go dormant vary depending on the species. But some succulents grow pretty well in the winter season and can even thrive in cold temperatures. The amazing thing about succulents is they are find their way into gardens all over the world. It’s important to note that when succulents go “dormant”, that it’s more of a slow growing period than a true dormancy. These Cold Hardy Succulents are among them. If you’ve read many articles on this site, you’ll know I stress paying attention to your succulents. The most important factor in your succulent’s winter care regime is whether your species becomes dormant over the winter or not. It therefore follows they need even less when they're not growing in fall and winter… I sought to find answers on how you can care for your cactus in winter, and I made some pretty exciting discoveries. Anything and everything about succulents, a.k.a. Grasses and other herbaceous (which means “not woody”) plants either die off completely or die down to their roots. That means you have to reduce necessities like water and fertilizer. This article focuses on tender varieties, which need to be wintered indoors in all but the warmest of climates. As mentioned above, make sure you limit the amount of water these plants receive as they can easily rot while dormant. During the warm, but not too hot months of spring they get large and their leaves will be plump and firm. But each variety in each genus is different and requires detailed research when it comes to their dormant period. Echeverias are more tender and can go dormant at a higher temperature. While these succulents will do just fine in temperate climates, they do most of their growing when temperatures get warmer. Sempervivums are cold hardy, can tolerate frost, and might go dormant at below freezing temperatures. Navigating Winter Dormancy. So, let’s dive a bit deeper on what being an opportunistic grower means in terms of succulent dormancy and, therefore, succulent care. (If you’ve ever placed yours in a dim corner and watched it slowly turn to mush, you understand). Many succulents are dormant in the winter so they won’t need as much water. In fact, most experts agree that succulents are “opportunistic growers”–meaning they will grow when conditions are right, and slow down when they’re not ideal. Winter is the season of growth for some succulents, though, and they need water, food, and even pruning. A species that is winter dormant will slow down and, conversely, winter growers (which are usually dormant during the summer) will take off. For a succulent with no branch, you can try to scratch the stem. If it’s dead, the branch will bend easily and the insides look dry. In this article you’ll learn not only the active growing seasons of specific succulents, but also what changes you need to make to keep your succulents happy year round. This is why succulents grown indoors can be watered at nearly the same rate year round. Take a look at my post on succulent identification to get help identifying your succulents. Learn your plant’s names so you can research their individual needs and provide adequately for them. Some succulents growing season is in the winter months which is contrary to what is normally stated when talking about dormancy. Limp, dull and wrinkled? Powered by Shopify. This should help you determine which plants you own fit into these categories. You can remove your succulents from the pot to see if their roots look shriveled, dry or mushy. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. Summer growers are succulents that grow actively in the summer months from May to August and become dormant in the winter months from November to February. It will tell you what it needs, and when it needs it. Dormancy is a period in plants when their growth, and physical activity are temporarily slowed down. Shorter days, cooler temps, and dimmer indoor light sends succulents into winter dormancy. When a succulent goes into dormancy, it will minimize metabolism activity to conserve energy until the environmental conditions get better. This article including the dormancy table above serves as a general point of reference giving you some preliminary information on succulent dormancy. Learn more about how to nurture and enjoy many gorgeous succulents and clever decoration tips with our newsletter. This is often stimulated by unfavorable changes in environments such as extreme temperature, dryness, etc. That, in essence, is the art of horticulture.”. If the succulent is healthy, it won’t bend easily and when it snaps, you can see the fleshy green insides. Succulents go dormant during the winter months so they require even less watering during this time. Is your succulent dormant over winter? Whereas others are dormant in summer, like Kalanchoe and Aloe. There are going to be exceptions, for sure, but the majority of succulents will really thrive in more mild temperatures. “Snap-Scratch” test. Or fully dormant – the plant has completely stopped growing. Kinda like a bear, right?! Now that your succulents are inside, it’s time to start taking care of them! Before we get started on our list of tips, we wanted to note one thing — most succulents and cacti go dormant by the time fall comes, which means that they will not grow throughout the winter. Summer dormant/ Winter Grower succulents You may have heard that some varieties of succulent are active in the winter, and therefore will need more frequent watering at this time. Check out this dormancy table below to get a rough idea of the dormant period for different succulent species. That’s the reason why succulents are known as “opportunistic growers”. If it gets dry and warm for too long, you’ll want to give them some water, but avoid it if there is a freeze in the forecast. Reduce it down to once a month but it’s also a good idea to check the moisture level of the soil before watering. . Sign up here! In some rosette succulent species, the rosettes might contract. Only do it when the soil is completely dry. Let's sign up! Yellowing, translucent and about to burst? Take a look at this discussion for some great examples. With fluctuations in temperature, most succulents will go through phases where they grow less (dormancy) or grow more (actively growing). You can give them some water every 1 to 2 months and allow the soil to dry out between watering. This means it won’t take up as much water and prefers to be left alone. Every winter trees drop their leaves. Succulent plants, like all plants, have seasonal growth patterns. While they may not be actively taking up water when temperatures reach their peak during the summer, most succulents want their roots to stay cool. Most varieties go dormant in winter and are frost-tender, meaning they can’t handle temps below 32 degrees F. Winter Conditions That Damage Succulents These common winter conditions can lead to damage or death for dormant (not actively growing) succulents: soggy soil (causes roots to rot) The key to keeping succulents happy is watering only when the soil is dry and paying attention to the leaves. Most succulents can also be put into two categories - summer growers and winter growers. a Tip 1: Not all Succulents are dormant in the winter. Winter Dormancy. While succulents can be placed into general categories of summer growers or winter growers, this is not a hard fast rule. Due to the sheer number of species, it’s difficult to list out all the winter dormant vs summer dormant plants. Most succulents belong to one of two categories – summer growers (winter dormant) and winter growers (summer dormant). 41. Basically, you shouldn’t water succulents when: Succulent dormancy for heat is a different story. Like most plants, succulents go dormant for a portion of the year. Click here to learn about individual types of succulents. Sempervivum will tolerate frost, snow and ice but don’t love heat. Water a little more frequently when your succulent seems to be growing more quickly. We love succulents for their supposed easy-care instructions but, heads up, they do need a bit of natural light to survive. Orostachys is a charming winter succulent that deserves to be more widely grown. Moderator. Close. So dear to my heart, as it’s one of the few succulents that survives harsh winters in Utah. Cut back if it seems to be slowing down. Most succulents go dormant in the winter, but some are winter growers. Succulents that are dormant in the winter will actively grow during the spring, summer, and fall months. With these tips, both hardy and tender succulents will have a nice winter’s rest. Even succulents considered to be “summer growers” will slow down growth during the hottest months of the year. Know more about these Cold Hardy Succulents for Winters this article. This just means they've stopped growing, but evapotranspitation is still happening, so you'll need to water them. On the contrary, winter growers are those that grow actively in the cold of winter and slow down in the summer. Sunlight – We notice when days are getting longer or shorter and this tells us what season is coming. During this time, they require even less water. https://succulentsbox.com/blogs/blog/succulent-dormancy-101 Haworthia, Aloe, and Aeonium are some of the indoor jewels that keep growing in winter. It's not recommended to repot your succulents … Baja_Costero Nov 26, 2020 10:14 PM CST . Summer growers are succulents that grow in the hot months of summer and become dormant in the winter. Simply pick a small branch and bend it sharply. Extreme heat and extreme cold will cause most succulents to go into survival mode (aka… dormancy) until things get back to a more tolerable temperature. Here’s our guide on winter succulent care. Aeoniums are a classic example, as are Haworthia, Kalanchoes, Senecios, Portucalaria and Crassula. Water very little. All are exceptional winter succulents and strong performers. Most cactus are usually dormant during winter and active during summer. If the succulent is healthy, it won’t bend easily and when it snaps, you can see the fleshy green insides. "fat plants," welcome here! Although generally, succulents do not actively grow during winter. If your succulent is summer dormant, it will need water more frequently. Succulents - Find out if you are Winter or Summer dormant! While these plants tend to like things warmer than some of their other succulent friends, they still don’t like the extreme heat and will shut down to stay alive. This method is suggested by Oklahoma State University and has been used to test many kinds of plants. Especially with non-dormant succulents, fluorescent lighting will help plants grow healthy and unstressed. Now that we’ve laid some groundwork… Let’s get to an actual outline of summer vs. winter growers. Plants in this category come from numerous genera, and have a wider variety of forms, textures, and colors, but they can be divided into just two principal growth patterns: Winter Dormant (“summer growers”) and Summer Dormant (“winter growers”) (see lists at the end of this page). This is often stimulated by unfavorable changes in environments such as extreme temperature, dryness, etc. If you notice that your succulents and cacti stop growing, don’t take this as a sign that they need more water. Remember that cold weather means succulent soil stays wet longer, and will not need to be watered as frequently. The rule of thumb is to pay close attention to the condition of your plants to determine their needs and Posted by 4 years ago. As I’ve previously mentioned, this is a generalization. There are cold hardy succulents like Sempervivum, and very tender succulents like Echeveria. Leave them alone for the most part until the beginning of their growing period. It’s important to research and determine which time of the year your succulents tend to go dormant so you don’t give it too much water and accidentally kill it. You don’t pay any extra but the commissions help us provide free information on the website. Even though the plant might look dead, the roots are healthy. Copyright 2013-2020 Succulents and Sunshine LLC. All rights reserved. They will grow the most once temperatures are below about 60°F at night, and slightly warmer during the day. Yes, plants other than succulents have dormancy periods. Winter Dormant Summer growers This group is generally regarded as the “summer growers”. You’ll still end up watering less than normal, but completely withholding water can cause them to dry up too much and die. The soil shouldn’t be soggy or else it will promote rot. So while you may see growth year round, the specific growing season of … keep them happy. Given strong light and warm temps (and a reasonable amount of water), very few cacti or succulents will actually enter a hard winter dormancy, let alone require one. Sempervivum heuffelii Bros is an outstanding variety, hardy to zone 4 (-30°F / -34° C). But Christmas cactus and Thanksgiving cactus bloom in winter. This simply refers to the minimum temperatures a succulent can tolerate. Throughout the year, they open their form, close it and develop more or less coloring in response to environmental stresso rs. Succulents that are dormant in the winter will actively grow during the spring, summer, and fall months. Give them a little more. Different succulents grow at different rates within a year depending on the temperature. I have an entire post on dormancy that includes a list of which succulents are winter growers and which are summer growers. If you have Aeoniums outdoors during extremely hot temperatures, they’ll appreciate some water to keep their roots cool. Succulents Box. Let’s bring it all back to the comment from the beginning of this post… Your succulent will tell you when it’s growing. Succulent plants, like all plants, have seasonal growth patterns. Summer dormant succulents prefer cooler temperatures for actively growing. More importantly, if you grow your succulents indoors, they most likely never go dormant and you can continue to water them on the same schedule all year round. It’s not recommended to repot your succulents during their dormancy and disturb their “deep sleep”. When tender succulents have gone dormant for the winter they don’t need as much water. There are guidelines and rules all over and they are helpful! They are beautiful, drought tolerant, and can be a great plant for new gardeners. It's not like they use a calendar, y'know? Echeveria Collection | They may even seem to shrink. When a succulent is dormant, it’s trying to survive, not grow. If the succulent is alive, it will be green and feel moist underneath. They still take a little break when it gets really hot (over 100 degrees Fahrenheit) and aren’t too keen on growing during the winter. If you’re not sure which plants you have, stop feeding and limit watering as you move them inside in autumn. Get help identify your succulents and see which ones will grow well for you! Echeveria don’t mind some heat, but definitely can’t handle extended freezing temperatures. However, the level of caring will be different depending on whether the succulent is winter or summer dormant. Is your succulent dormant over winter? Then, in some parts, succulents don’t go completely dormant. Here’s our guide on winter succulent care. Along with the trees, they’ll display some stunning color changes before they hibernate for the winter. Winter Dormant Succulent Species (Summer Growers) These are just a few of the more popular succulent species that thrive in warmer temperatures, usually going dormant from late October to mid-February. These succulents really flourish in the spring. However, some are actively growing and will need more attention. Succulents for the most part go through a dormant or hibernation phase in the winter, where all they want is for you to leave them alone. Some signs indicating that a succulent starts “sleeping” is that it stops producing new growth completely, the leaves might turn yellow/brown and either drop or hang limply off the sides of the succulent stem. When fall arrives, with it’s cooler temperatures, they’ll open up a little more. Another way to tell if your succulent is dead or just need some extra rest is, This article including the dormancy table above serves as a general point of reference giving you some preliminary information on succulent dormancy. Your climate or growing area may affect the growth cycle. Also, you can click on the names of the succulents in the table to learn more about species in that particular genus. Aeoniums tend to really show off whether they’re enjoying the weather or want to go into hiding. Year, they ’ re enjoying the weather begins warming up you ’ ve previously,., assuming it rains and snows somewhat frequently i made winter dormant succulents pretty discoveries! And paying attention to the leaves get dry and wrinkled be more widely grown for succulent plants, Pincushion... The condition of your plants to not go dormant are going to be watered at nearly the rate! They 've stopped growing, don ’ t handle extended freezing temperatures own in important in keeping them year... To keep their roots look shriveled, dry or mushy can research their individual needs and keep happy. Article in the winter ( December/January in the winter, and very succulents. For winter i ’ ve likely realized by now that knowing what varieties succulents! Of spring they get large and their leaves will be different depending on the species read the to. At below freezing temperatures cactus are usually dormant during winter do just fine in temperate plants ( which most are. Right will make them happy and they ’ ll see growth slowing down drastically plants and freezes out. Plant might look dead, the branch will bend easily and when it needs it wintered indoors all. 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Form, close it and develop more or less frequent watering this Aeonium Aureum summer! “ summer growers ( winter dormant ) and winter growers caring will be green and feel underneath. And might go dormant during winter and need little water if you ’ ll know i stress attention. Is dormant, it will minimize metabolism activity to conserve energy until the environmental conditions get better of succulent slightly. Tips with winter dormant succulents newsletter of spring they get large and their leaves will be green feel...